Pancolitis is a kind of inflammatory bowel disorder (IBD) that affects the entire internal lining of the colon. It typically appears as a less serious condition termed Ulcerative Colitis, goes untreated and extends all through the large intestine. The precise causes of this inflammatory disorder are unclear, although physicians assume that autoimmune diseases and genetic predispositions might play a role in its progress. An individual with such a condition is expected to experience abdominal pain, recurrent episodes of bloody diarrhea, and persistent fatigue. A physician would commonly first attempt to remedy the disorder with anti-inflammatory medications and pain relievers, although surgery is usually needed to prevent long-term health dilemmas.
Ulcerative colitis usually affects the inside layer of the rectum down to the lowest regions of colon. In time, nonetheless, irritation could spread along the length of the large intestine, resulting in pancolitis. It is usually impossible to determine the origin of ulcerative colitis, although a great deal of folks with this condition have familial history of IBDs. Such health condition is most common in individuals between the ages of thirty and fifty, although colitis could appear in folks of any age.
A person who develops pancolitis typically suffers from severe abdominal cramps and pain. Chronic bloody diarrhea is common as well, which could result to anemia or dehydration in some patients. An individual might encounter frequent fevers, nausea, fatigue and loss of weight too. It could lead to colon cancer if left untreated. In order to avoid long-term problems, it is important to seek medical evaluation when a person perceives any or all of the ulcerative colitis signs and symptoms.
A physician could do a physical examination and blood exams to diagnose such IBD. The physical examination typically includes a colonoscopy, a procedure wherein a small video camera and light are introduced into the rectum to see for sighs of inflammation and/or irritation. A doctor might also choose to perform a biopsy of intestinal tissue for lab analysis. Once ulcerative colitis is established, the physician could discuss therapeutic options with the patient.
A lot of patients respond effectively to nonsurgical treatment, which includes prescription anti-inflammatory medications and dietary modifications. Specific foods, such as dairy products and highly spicy or greasy meals, could worsen colitis symptoms. Physicians commonly suggests that patients steer clear of such foods, drink lots of liquid and take in multivitamins to guarantee digestive tract health. As stress could also trigger symptoms, a physician might recommend relaxation techniques or refer the patient to a psychologist to improve stress management.
The severe kind typically necessitates surgical intervention. A surgeon could remove regions of scarred or severely injured tissue, and suture normal tissue back together. In a few cases, it is required to take out the entire large intestine and rectum in a procedure known as proctocolectomy. The procedure involves connecting the small colon and the anus using an artificial tube that works to replace the colon. Following the operation, ongoing counselling and medical checkups could ensure that patients recuperate from their symptoms and enjoy usual lifestyles.